About Kumaon About KMVN History
  • The Kumaon hills have a timeless beauty and an eloquent grandeur.

    The Himalayan part of Uttar Pradesh, India was given state hood in 2000 and the stunning state of Uttarakhand was born. Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal) falls into two distinct regions that broadly divide the state in half, The Garwhal which includes the famous yoga and pilgrimage centre of Rishikesh in the west and the little known Kumaon region in the east.

    The Kumaon contains some of the most stunning mountain scenery that we know of anywhere, from the perennially snow capped peaks of the Great Himalaya range in the north to the pretty hill stations of Almora and Nainital in the foothills and the stunning wilderness of Corbett National Park where the hills meet the Indo-gangetic plain in the south.

    Right from the coquettish charms of the sparkling Rhododendrons to the somberness of stately Deodars myriad of moods of nature are here to be seen and experienced. Snuggled here amid the chains of mountains are the sprawling river valleys the social surplus produced wherein could once give altogether a new dimension to the Kumaoni art idiom and yes, nestled in the expanse of thick forests and the verdant fields of the Tarai-Bhaber is the justification of that primeval faith which had earned for earth the bestower the epithet of 'Mother'.

    Combining with the creativity and aesthetics of human genius the munificence of nature appears to have been telling to each visitor here that life is extremely beautiful and each and every moment of it should be lived to the fullest. The Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam has been sharing this 'unique feel' with you over the years. We don't only show you the spectacular panorama of this land but also introduce you to it, so as to instill in you the age old conviction that great things are born when men and mountain meet.

    Mother Nature has blessed it to the full; the region caters to every type of traveller, you may choose to -raft in the rapids of Mahakali, Kosi | retire in the panorama of spots Binsar, Kasar Devi, Mukteshwar...| trek extraordinary routes to Pindari, Milam | move in Bugyals like.... OR shop in the mall of Nainital


  • As the name suggests, KMVN is responsible to development in the region which includes creating employment opportunities & Sustainable community development. Primary functions of the Nigam are,

    Tourism

    1. Development, Maintenance, Marketing of Tourist Rest Houses, KMVN has unmatched accommodation infrastructure and has it’s foot prints almost at everywhere in Kumaon– ranging from popular hill stations like Nainital to trails of Pindari, Darma, Adi Kailash etc…

    2. Tourism Promotion, KMVN plays key role in promoting tourism and in the process ensures direct/indirect benefits to communities in the region.

    3. Packaged tours, KMVN conducts packaged tours across Kumaon. In order to facilitate travelers to the fullest these packages can be customized to suit individuals requirements.
    Amusement/ recreation projects (Ropeway, Eco-garden)

        
    Marketing

    1. Distribution of Cooking Gas
    2. Marketing of fruits & herbs
    3. Operating Petrol Pumps and Service Station
    4. Mining of minor minerals
       
    Industry and Entrepreneurial Development

    1. Financial support in form of assisted, joint & subsidiary industrial projects, to promote industries by providing financial support to local entrepreneurs.
    2. Direct management of industrial units
    3. Construction for government projects


  • Literary and archaeological sources coupled with the local tradition reveal that the Kumaon region containing the naturally formidable belts of forests and intricate system of mountain folds has been the land of endless invitations and immense interests. Since ancient times while traversing the fertile terraces and valleys in this region having all the essentials for subsistence, the early settlers always found a permanent home here.

    In the socio-cultural development of this region the elements of struggle, compromise and assimilation kept on playing their role distinctly and it is of interest to see the clangorous elements maintaining through the ages their dominance and the silent ones surrendering for their existence after initial struggle.

    The first to find a refuge in Kumaon and thus become its maiden dwellers were the Kol -an ethnic group of Munda origin. Scholars believe that their migration was consequent upon the defeat inflicted by the Dravidians of the Sindhu valley. The Mongoloid Kiratas coming from northwest vanquished Kol and in turn were forced to flee to remote highlands and the Tarai Bhabar where they absorbed the Kols fully.

    Traces of Munda dialect spoken by Kols still survive in names of rivers, streams and villages in the Kuamon hills. Walking down the corridor of time the representatives of the ancient Kol occupied the lowest rung in the hierarchical status in Kumaoni society while the Jauharies, Darmis, Byansis etc of the border region, the Vanrajis of Askot, Lool Routs of Lohagahat and the Tharus and Boxas of the Tarai region were identified as the representatives of the Kiratas.
    Passing through the hazy corridors of pre and proto historic times- the vestiges of which still lie preserved in the forms of painted rock shelters, megaliths, cup-marks etc all over - the Kumaon hills start surfacing as a geographical expression around 6th century AD. From among the plurality of micro-cultures and societies sheltered across the Himalayan region sine the time immemorial an ethnic group called kunindas were probably the first to assert themselves as the rulers of much of the area corresponding to modern Kumaon.    
    Around 6th century AD another house, known to the history by the name of katyuries, succeeded them. Yuan-chwang (Huen-tsang) the celebrated Chinese traveller of 7th century AD while visiting parts of Kumaon also came across a certain 'female kingdom'. It appears that despite the consolidating forces ever on rise the multiplicity of small principalities under the lords of different ethnic groups also kept holding its sway for long.

    The Chequred history of Katyuri dynasty, spoken about at length in Jagars, which are long ballad poems sung during the traditional rituals of spirit possession séance, starts getting overlapped around 8th century AD by yet another regional power called chandas. By 13th and 14th century AD they are seen as an imperial power in offing, holding a sway even in the foothill regions from the most ancient Himalayan settlement of Champawat. Later (by 16th cent.AD) they shifted the centre of power from Chapmawat to Almora -a small fortified settlement which in the successive centuries was destined to grow as the capital city of Kumaon. Before passing into the hands of British, finally in the year 1815, the kingdom of Kumaon also saw a brief interlude (from 1790 to 1815) of gross tyranny and oppression under the Gurkhas of adjoining Nepal.

    While the vicissitude of history was thus busy enriching the land in terms of heritage, art, culture and traditions the munificence of nature had already bestowed it with the best of her designs.